The Hague Academy of International Law

Programme of the examination

Public International Law
(First Period)

  1. The international legal community:
    • states
    • private persons
    • international organizations
  2. International legal acts:
    • the sources of international law
    • illegal acts
    • international responsibility
    • diplomatic protection
  3. International co-operation:
    • diplomatic and consular relations
    • conventional and institutionalized co-operation (general theory of international organizations)
    • international protection of human rights
    • communications: road, railroad
    • law of the sea, air law, space law
    • international trade law
    • international development law
    • technical assistance institutions
  4. International peace:
    • procedures for the peaceful settlement of disputes:
      • good offices
      • conciliation
      • inquiry
      • mediation
      • arbitration
      • international courts of justice
    • neutrality during peace time
    • the role of international organizations in the maintenance and restoration of peace
    • international humanitarian law and international human rights law
    • international criminal law


Private International Law
(Second Period)

  1. The subject-matter of private international law:
    • different conceptions and methodological approaches
  2. Sources of private international law:
    • treaty law and internal law
    • relations between the sources
    • unification of private substantive law and private international law
  3. International jurisdiction of courts and administrative authorities:
    • the effect of foreign judgements and administrative decisions
    • international judicial and administrative co-operation
  4. General problems of conflict of laws:
    • characterization
    • adaptation
    • the incidental question
    • renvoi and co-ordination of systems
    • public policy
    • mandatory provisions
    • problems of non-unitary systems of law
    • the various connecting factors and their functions
  5. Conflict of laws and of jurisdiction in respect of specific matters:
    • family law and the law of succession to the estates of deceased persons
    • contractual obligations
    • torts
    • the law of corporations
    • commercial law


Diploma candidates are authorized to use the Charter of the United Nations. Those whose mother-tongue is neither French nor English may use a dictionary of their mother language into either one of the working languages (French or English).




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